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I'm new to Linux. What are some basic commands?
Here is a list of some commonly used commands:
cd directory_name
Moves your to the specified directory. If you replace directory name with two dots (..) you will move up one directory.
Displays your current directory
ls -l
Lists the files and sub-directories in your current directory including the permissions in the form ----------. All web pages should show -rw-r--r--, directories should show drwxr-xr-x and cgi scripts should show -rwxr-xr-x.
rm file_name
Removes the specified file.
rmdir directory_name
Removes the specified directory
mv old_file_name new_file_name
Moves (renames) the old file name to the new file name.
cp old_file_name new_file_name
Copies the old file to a new file.
chmod xxx file_or_directory_name
Set permissions on files and directories to xxx. You can replace the file name with * to change all files and sub-directories in your current directory. Some common values for xxx are:
Directories and cgi scripts - 755
Web Pages - 644
man command
Displays the manual page (man page) of a command which lists how to use the command along with different options that may be available.
How do I access my shell account?
You will need a connection to the Internet and a Secure Shell (SSH) client. Some available clients are:
Linux - SSH
Windows - TeraTerm (with SSH feature)
Mac - Nifty Telnet
Where do I put my Web pages?
After you log in (via SSH or FTP) you will be in your home directory. There are several sub-directories in your home directory, including one named htdocs. Your Web pages must be stored under the htdocs directory to be seen by the public.
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